In this lesson we’ll demonstrate some of the most commonly used
Map methods. In these initial examples we’ll use an immutable
Map, and Scala also has a mutable
Map class that you can modify in place, and it’s demonstrated a little later in this lesson.
For these examples we won’t break the
Map methods down into individual sections; we’ll just provide a brief comment before each method.
Given this immutable
val m = Map( 1 -> "a", 2 -> "b", 3 -> "c", 4 -> "d" )
Here are some examples of methods available to that
// how to iterate over Map elements scala> for ((k,v) <- m) printf("key: %s, value: %s\n", k, v) key: 1, value: a key: 2, value: b key: 3, value: c key: 4, value: d // how to get the keys from a Map scala> val keys = m.keys keys: Iterable[Int] = Set(1, 2, 3, 4) // how to get the values from a Map scala> val values = m.values val values: Iterable[String] = MapLike.DefaultValuesIterable(a, b, c, d) // how to test if a Map contains a key scala> val contains3 = m.contains(3) contains3: Boolean = true // how to transform Map values scala> val ucMap = m.transform((k,v) => v.toUpperCase) ucMap: scala.collection.immutable.Map[Int,String] = Map(1 -> A, 2 -> B, 3 -> C, 4 -> D) // how to filter a Map by its keys scala> val twoAndThree = m.view.filterKeys(Set(2,3)).toMap twoAndThree: scala.collection.immutable.Map[Int,String] = Map(2 -> b, 3 -> c) // how to take the first two elements from a Map scala> val firstTwoElements = m.take(2) firstTwoElements: scala.collection.immutable.Map[Int,String] = Map(1 -> a, 2 -> b)
Note that the last example probably only makes sense for a sorted Map.
Mutable Map examples
Here are a few examples of methods that are available on the mutable
Map class. Given this initial mutable
val states = scala.collection.mutable.Map( "AL" -> "Alabama", "AK" -> "Alaska" )
Here are some things you can do with a mutable
// add elements with += states += ("AZ" -> "Arizona") states += ("CO" -> "Colorado", "KY" -> "Kentucky") // remove elements with -= states -= "KY" states -= ("AZ", "CO") // update elements by reassigning them states("AK") = "Alaska, The Big State" // retain elements by supplying a function that operates on // the keys and/or values states.retain((k,v) => k == "AK")
There are many more things you can do with maps. See the Map class documentation for more details and examples.